(part one) The Haruna was a battlecruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War one. The ship was named after Mount Haruna and was the last ship of the Kongō class. The commissioning was on the 19th of April 1915 and had a length of 214m, a width of 28m and a draft of 8m. With her 4×Brown-Curtis turbines, she had a maximum speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph) and had a displacement of 32,000 tons. Haruna had a armament of 8×356mm guns, of 16×152mm guns, of 8×76mm AA guns and of 8×530mm torpedo tubes.
After her commissioning, the ship was under the command of Captain Saburo Hyakutake and began with sea trials in the near of the Japanese coast. Then, she joined the Third Battleship Division of the Second Fleet and was stationed at the Sasebo Naval Base, for operations in the East China Sea. In September 1917, Captain Naomi Taniguchi got the new command over the Haruna. Moreover, the ship was damaged by a mine from the German auxiliary cruiser SMS Wolf and must returned to her base, for repairs. At the end of December 1917, she was replaced in reserve for a long long time. In September 1920, Haruna had a lot of sea trials and gunnery drills off Hokkaidō. During a gunnery test, the breechloader of turret No.1 exploded and killing seven people. The explosion damaged also the armored roof of the turret. After the repairs at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, the ship was again replaced in reserve. With the signing of the Washington Naval Treaty in 1922, she was one of the first Japanese warship, which got a extensive modernization and modification. After five years, the modernization was declared complete and Haruna was reclassified as a Battleship. The ship joined the Forth Battleship Division of the 2nd Fleet and escorted the Japanese Emperor Hirohito (Pic. 8) on his official visit to Kumamoto Prefecture. From 1933 to 1934, she was again modernized at Kure Dockyard and was then reclassified as a fast Battleship. Haruna joined the Third Battleship Division and operated in the Sino-Japanese War. #History#history#Geschichte#geschichte#ImperialJapaneseNavy#Battlecruiser#JapaneseWarship#JapaneseBattlecruiser#WW1#ww1#WorldWar1
In August 1914, at the start of the First World War, Admiral Charles Fitzgerald founded the Order of the White Feather with support from the prominent author Mrs Humphrey Ward. The organization aimed to shame men into enlisting in the British army by persuading women to present them with a white feather if they were not wearing a uniform.
This was joined by prominent feminists and suffragettes of the time, such as Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel. They, in addition to handing out the feathers, also lobbied to institute an involuntary universal draft, which included those who lacked votes due to being too young or not owning property. Although the draft would conscript both sexes, only males would be on the front lines. . In Britain it started to cause problems for the government when public servants and men in essential occupations came under pressure to enlist. This prompted the Home Secretary, Reginald McKenna, to issue employees in state industries with lapel badges reading "King and Country" to indicate that they too were serving the war effort. Likewise, the Silver War Badge, given to service personnel who had been honourably discharged due to wounds or sickness, was first issued in September 1916 to prevent veterans from being challenged for not wearing uniform. Anecdotes from the period indicates that the campaign was not popular amongst soldiers - not least because soldiers who were home on leave could find themselves presented with the feathers.
One such was Private Ernest Atkins who was on leave from the Western Front. He was riding a tram when he was presented with a white feather by a girl sitting behind him. He smacked her across the face with his pay book saying: "Certainly I'll take your feather back to the boys at Passchendaele. I'm in civvies because people think my uniform might be lousy, but if I had it on I wouldn't be half as lousy (Cont. In comment 👇) #worldwar1#ww1#wwI#worldwar#worldwarone#worldwars#worldwarhistory#worldwari # #worldwaronehistory#british #
#warfare#combat#trenchwarfare#wounded#1915 # #france#worldwar1history # #machinegun#whitefeather#ww1glimpses#muddyhell
Facial reconstruction of a WW1 Soldier.
The biggest killer on the battlefield and the cause of many facial injuries was shrapnel. Unlike the straight-line wounds inflicted by bullets, the twisted metal shards produced from a shrapnel blast could rip a face off.
Not only that, but the shrapnel's shape would often drag clothing and dirt into the wound. Improved medical care meant that more injured soldiers could be kept alive, but urgently dealing with such devastating injuries was a new challenge.
Harold Gillies was the man the British Army tasked with fixing these grisly wounds. Born in New Zealand, he studied medicine at Cambridge before joining the British Army Medical Corps at the outset of World War One.
Gillies was shocked by the injuries he saw in the field, and requested that the army set up their own plastic surgery unit.
Soon after, a specifically-designed hospital was opened in Sidcup. It treated 2,000 patients after the Battle of the Somme alone. Here Gillies would do some of his finest work.
Previously viewed with suspicion, facial reconstruction became an integral part of the post-war healing process. However, in a world before antibiotics, going under the knife for an experimental form of surgery posed as many risks as the trenches themselves.
( Cont. In comment 👇) #worldwar1#ww1#wwI#worldwar#worldwarone#worldwars#worldwarhistory#worldwari#facialreconstruction#worldwaronehistory#british#french#german#warfare#combat#trenchwarfare#wounded#1915 # #france#worldwar1history#frenchsoldier#machinegun#plasticsurgery#ww1glimpses#muddyhell #
Those who follow me know that i love history quite a bit. Learning about the stories of our ancestors and the historical impact that those events have today is extremely entertaining to me. However as of late I’ve been really interested in the first world war due to last months 100 year celebration of the armistice that ended this war. The first world war is one of the only wars i know of where i have relatives involved, specifically my great grandfather in 1916 at the somme with the british. As a result of this I decide would put together my own uniform and kit to combine with my rifle and undertake similar training tasks that the infantry of the day might have experienced. In order to start this process I needed a uniform and that is what these first pictures are, as i obtain more of my kit and other items i will post more 😎🇬🇧🇺🇸. __________
Follow my alternate account:
French soldiers aiming with a dead comrade during the First Battle of the Marne, September 5 - 12, 1914.
The World War I First Battle of the Marne featured the first use of radio intercepts and automotive transport of troops in wartime. After French commander in chief Joseph Joffre ordered an offensive in September 1914, General Michel-Joseph Maunoury’s French Sixth Army opened a gap between Germany’s First and Second Armies. Maunoury exploited the gap with help from the French Fifth Army and British Expeditionary Force, while Ferdinand Foch’s Ninth Army thwarted the advances of the German Second and Third Armies. By Sept. 10, the Germans embarked on a retreat that ended north of the Aisne River, beginning a phase of the war that would be marked by trench warfare.
The First Battle of the Marne was fought to the north and east of Paris in early September 1914. The opportunity opened for Anglo-French forces to reverse the hitherto victorious German advance through Belgium and France when First Army commander Heinrich von Kluck, who anchored the right wing of the German advance, swung north, rather than west, of Paris, across the front of Michel-Joseph Maunoury’s French Sixth Army.
Alerted by French air reconnaissance and radio intercepts, the first time either had been used in a major conflict, French commander in chief Joseph Joffre ordered an attack. On September 6, Maunoury, reinforced by troops, rushed to the front in requisitioned Paris taxis and buses—the first extensive use of motorized transport in wartime and forever celebrated as the “taxis of the Marne”—slammed into von Kluck’s overextended army. Surprised, von Kluck recalled his advanced guard and swung his forces to the southwest to meet Maunoury’s attack. But in doing so, von Kluck lost contact with Karl von Bulow’s Second Army on his left flank. ( Cont. In comment 👇) #worldwar1#ww1#wwI#worldwar#worldwarone#worldwars#worldwarhistory#worldwari#battleofmarne#worldwaronehistory#british#french#german#warfare#combat#trenchwarfare#wounded#1915 # #france#worldwar1history#frenchsoldier#machinegun # #ww1glimpses#muddyhell #
Canadian soldier searching the seams of his shirt for lice, ca. 1918
Today I will write about lice infection in WW1. ￼
First World War >
Trench Warfare >
Men in the trenches suffered from lice. One soldier writing after the war described them as "pale fawn in colour, and they left blotchy red bite marks all over the body." They also created a sour; stale smell. Various methods were used to remove the lice. A lighted candle was fairly effective but the skill of burning the lice without burning your clothes was only learnt with practice. George Coppard described how this worked: "The things lay in the seams of trousers, in the deep furrows of long thick woolly pants, and seemed impregnable in their deep entrenchments. A lighted candle applied where they were thickest made them pop like Chinese crackers. After a session of this, my face would be covered with small blood spots from extra big fellows which had popped too vigorously." In his autobiography, Harry Patch explains the problems he had with lice on the Western Front: "The lice were the size of grains of rice, each with its own bite, each with its own itch. When we could, we would run hot wax from a candle down the seams of our trousers, our vests - whatever you had - to burn the buggers out. It was the only thing to do. Eventually, when we got to Rouen, coming back, they took every stitch off us and gave us a suit of sterilised blue material. And the uniforms they took off, they burned them - to get rid of the lice." Where possible the army arranged for the men to have baths in huge vats of hot water while their clothes were being put through delousing machines. Unfortunately, this rarely worked. A fair proportion of the eggs remained in the clothes and within two or three hours of the clothes being put on again a man's body heat had hatched them out.
#worldwar1#ww1#wwI#worldwar#worldwarone#worldwars#worldwarhistory#worldwari#worldwaronehistory#british#french#german # #britain#trenchwarfare#mortar#1917#historybuff#france#worldwar1history # #canadiansoldiers#canadiantroops#ww1glimpses#lice#liceinfection
‘What would you say to those who dedicated themselves in the war?’ Tonight in the Student Union building of the University of Manchester, Rotaract Club of Manchester International had an honour to invite Rotarian Rory and Rotarian Julie, from Rotary Club of Manchester, who are also members of The Royal British Legion to share the story of the Great War between 1914 and 1918 and the mission of the Legion.
It was the first time in the human history that people from all the continents were mobilised for the War. The scale of massive of weapon production, civilian and military causalities and deployment of weapons were unprecedented. It is also the war that people started questioning the Progressivist perspectives in the future. However, it is also the war which laid the foundation stone for the women right and other civil movements. In short, there is a sign of progress in the philosophy of sociology, politics and international relations with the unexpected price no one had expected.
On this particular occasion, we are thankful for what people did in the hundred years ago. Without their dedication and sacrifice, we will definitely have a different life than the one we are used to today. Thank you.
On November 9, 2018, two days before the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War, the Vimy Foundation has opene the gates to a modern living memorial in commemoration of the centenary of the armistice of the First World War, the first of its kind. The Vimy Foundation Centennial Park located adjacent to the Vimy Memorial at Vimy Ridge in France has welcomed visitors to walk its paths of remembrance surrounded by over 100 Oak trees repatriated back to Vimy from Canada. Centennial benches, built in Canada and placed throughout the park, provide an opportunity for gathering, dialogue, and extended reflection, all essential elements to conflict resolution and peace that the monument inspires.
Built on private farmland purchased by the Vimy Foundation, the land has required extensive demining and preparation prior to creation of the park. Through the land preparation process, many artifacts were discovered including shells (some of which were still active), grenades, fuses and communications wires, as well as the remains of soldiers who fought at Vimy Ridge over 100 years ago and who have now been put to rest in an official military graveyard.
As a living memorial and park, the four-acre Vimy Foundation Centennial Park is both a public green space for neighbouring communities as well as a place for remembrance and education. The Park highlights the natural bonds between France and Canada, the desire for peace, our responsibility to remember and was designed by acclaimed Canadian Landscape Architect Linda Dicaire.
Some major components of the Vimy Foundation Centennial Park include, the repatriated Vimy Oaks (picked on the battlefield in 1917 by a Canadian soldier, grown in Canada, and now brought back to France) provided by the Vimy Oaks Legacy Group, and the Bugler Memorial Sculpture designed by renowned Canadian artist Marlene Hilton Moore and gifted by the City of Barrie
#worldwar1#ww1#wwI#worldwar#worldwarone#worldwars#worldwarhistory#worldwari#worldwaronehistory#british#french#german # #britain#trenchwarfare#mortar#1917#historybuff#france#worldwar1history#battleofsomme#frenchsoldier#britishtroops#ww1glimpses#wounded#kia
What happened on this day in history? On November 23, 1916, 102 years ago, the German Baron Manfred von Richthofen and the British Lanoe Hawker battled in the skies of France, in one of the most epic dogfights in World War 1 aviation history. Fighter ace Hawker and his squadron, while attacking some German planes, spotted a bigger squadron of German aircraft coming their way. This squadron was Jasta 2, and in one of these planes was Richthofen. Hawker, hungry for a kill, broke off from his squadron and dived down upon Richthofen. Hawker and Richthofen twisted and turned, firing at each other, seeing who flinch first, one trying to knock the other out of the sky. And it was Hawker who flinched first. Hawker’s fuel was running out, and he knew he had to get back to his lines before it all drained out, so he made his way to the British lines. In this moment, Richthofen seized his chance, diving behind Hawker, and firing into his plane. Although Richthofen’s guns eventually jammed, one of his bullets fatefully killed Hawker, striking him in the back of the head. Hawker went down, his plane bursting into pieces. Richthofen would claim this victory as his 11th aerial kill, becoming famous as the ace who shot down the “British Boelcke”, as Richthofen described Hawker. This victory would lead Richthofen on a path of fame that would earn him 80 victories and the title of “The Red Baron”. #worldwar1#worldwarone#worldwar1history#worldwaronehistory#history#worldhistory#aviationhistory#military#militaryhistory#militaryaviationhistory#germany#england#theredbaron#boelcke#british#german#soldiers#soldier#worldwar1soldier#lanoehawker @epichistorytv #aviation